Academic Integrity Issues:  A Case Study in Indonesian Private Higher Education


Like many other countries in the world, Indonesia has introduced initiatives to build World-class universities (WCUs). This intention has also been influenced by regional ambitions to develop the Association of Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC).

Publication in international journals demands high standards of English in academic writing, presenting challenges for Indonesian academics. In this study, I examine institutional responses to academic writing problems, reported in mass media as academic dishonesty (AD) and plagiarism. I examine current literature in the Indonesian context on the phenomenon of AD and discuss proposed interventions (Agustina & Raharjo, 2014; Siaputra & Santosa, 2016). I critically review claims that practices of AD are misrecognised as cultural differences between Eastern and Western academic contexts (Adiningrum & Kutieleh, 2011; Kusumasondjaja, 2010; Soetanto & Suharto, 2013). 

This PhD project addresses one major research question:

“How do academics perceive academic integrity in private higher education in Indonesia in relation to academic dishonesty cases and pressures to publish?”

Four other questions that will be pursued are the following:

  1. How do academics perceive academic integrity?
  2. How do academics perceive academic dishonesty?
  3. How do academics perceive pressures to publish?
  4. Why are issues and challenges faced by academics in relation to academic dishonesty and pressures to publish need to be investigated?

Fairclough’s framework on language as power will be employed as the main theoretical framework. The study uses Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) as a frame for the research methodology. Fairclough emphasises the multiple ways in which language functions - as personal power, as private discourse, and as public discourse. Through this, he seeks to identify the power behind discourse (Fairclough, 2001).

An explanatory mixed-method research design combining both quantitative and qualitative methods (Creswell, 2008) is employed. Academics’ perception of academic integrity and academic dishonesty are explored as well as the strategies they use to deal with institutional pressure to publish. Data collection method will include surveys and interviews to understand how the functions of English language as both public and private discourses. Interviews will investigate the ways in which academics use English language discourses in their private and professional lives. Media reports will also be analysed to understand the public discourses surrounding English language and institutional pressures to publish. The study is expected to contribute to understanding of how the Indonesian academics workforce in private universities are engaging with policies intended to develop their institutions into ‘world-class universities’. Findings are anticipated to have generalisability to other ASEAN countries that are developing policies to address academic integrity and quality in higher education.

Date         Wednesday 28th March 2018

Time        1.00pm to 3:00pm

Panel:      Associate Professor Elizabeth Mackinlay (Chair), Dr Obaid Hamid

Principal Advisor: Dr Vicente Reyes    Associate Advisor:  Dr Ravinder Sidhu

About HDR Confirmation Seminars

The Confirmation Seminar is the first public presentation in the UQ milestone process.

Staff and students are urged to attend to support your colleagues at this first outing of their project.




Michie Building (09)